• 22Sep

    If you are a hosting environment that is in more than one geographic location you will need to know DNS fail-over. This is a built in feature within DNS. Let’s say you are going to host a website, well you would configure your registrars DNS so that your A-Record’s (i.e. “www”, “@(no address)”) point to your hosting IP address, then from the host IP address you would be redirected to the appropriate header you specified for your domain (i.e. www.yourdomain.com). Now let’s say your company has gone global and you wanted redundancy for your site so that if one node failed your site wouldn’t be down because it would auto redirect to another IP Address. To do this all you would need to do it configure the same record with the different IP Address.

    – Harry Caskey

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  • 06Apr

    I started thinking about this last night. I know the significance of DNS within my field and I thought I would blog about it today. DNS is such a power tool, the average user uses it all the time and probably doesn’t know it.

    DNS plays a huge role in connection everyone to everyone. It starts with your Local Network Connection, for any network connection to work you have to have at least these 3 different settings configured. 1) An IP Address, this is your unique identifier assigned to a media access control (MAC) address which is the hardware that is your device. 2) A Gateway, this needs to be defined so that when you request data it knows where to send it out and expect to receive. 3) DNS Servers, after you have your IP address assigned and Gateway you will need your DNS servers to do resolution requests for you such as….

    Let’s say you get your network card setup and want to go to “www.google.com” well your computer doesn’t automatically know where “www.google.com” is at. So it sends a request to a DNS server which holds that information. So you are at your computer you type the address in “www.google.com” the first query that gets asked is where is “.com.” at? The .com is part of what’s called a TLD which stands for Top Level Domain. These are typically government run servers by ICANN. At this level these domain names can not be purchased. Then your query request then looks for the record “google” under the TLD “.com.”. When it finds that record it asks for “www” under “.google.com.”? Then for each of these requests you have a Public IP address, these are assigned by your Internet service provider (ISP). So the final query that gets sent to your computer returns the value IP address with (209.85.139.9) resulting in “www.google.com.”. Your computer then receives all of the information that is provided on the default port 80 at that IP address with that given host header value.

    It is vital as a Network Administrator to know that your network is configured correctly. This also is very important to know because when you need to troubleshoot something you will need to know how to solve the problem. If you If you are just learning about the Information Technology field or have an interest, it is very important that you know how DNS works and if there is an underlying issues within your zone records. So that when clients request access to certain sites you know where they are being sent to.

    One great thing about DNS that you can utilize is custom domain configuration you can make a domain name “blahdityda.blog” and tell your DNS server to point to this web server. When you control the DNS you can configure your local DNS to allow “blog” to be a TLD then under that record configure bladityda to point to the specific web server hosting the host header value. These are great for and commonly used in organizations that have internal portals, or intranets.

    If you learn DNS like that back of your hand it will make things easier for you and how you can manage your network. I would recommend that you utilize DNS to it’s full potential.

    – Harry Caskey

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  • 03Apr

    Ever since my friend Jason Clark has told me about OpenDNS it has been nothing more than a godsend. Immediately when we changed our XO Communications DNS servers to OpenDNS we saw a huge speed increase. Our speeds literally tripled what they were. I couldn’t believe the numbers but was ecstatic of the results. Our ISP has not been very reliable with their services so it is also very possible they have faulty DNS servers. Nonetheless we are on OpenDNS and safely surfing the Internet. One of the everyday features I enjoy the most is the blocking category sites such as Adware, Phishing, Advertising, P2P/File Sharing. These are all really great features and they constantly get updated. This protects my users from accessing these sites that may cause problems down the line.

    I can’t thank OpenDNS enough for all of the “possible” spyware and virus removals I may have had by users accessing sites by accident. This actually saves me time, saves the company money, and continues productivity within the organization. I would recommend using OpenDNS to anyone.

    The best thing is you don’t need an account with them. If you choose to you can customize your surfing and get statistics on your surfing.

    Check them out at: http://www.opendns.com/

    – Harry Caskey

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